Autoimmune Disease with LDN

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Low Dose Naltrexone (LDN) Therapy

For Autoimmune Disease and Chronic Pain

Accumulating evidence suggests that Low Dose Naltrexone (LDN; 3.0-4.5 mg orally, taken once daily at bedtime) can promote health supporting immune-modulation which may reduce various oncogenic and inflammatory autoimmune processes. Since LDN can upregulate endogenous opioid activity, LDN may also play a role in healing and repair of tissues, as well as promoting stress resilience, exercise, social bonding, and emotional well-being, and ameloriating psychiatric problems such as autism and depression.

After it was demonstrated that immune cell activation and proliferation were sensitive to the effects of naltrexone, Meng et al. hypothesized that LDN could exert modulating effects on bone marrow dendritic cells (BMDCs) and studied influence of LDN on both phenotypic and functional maturation of BMDCs. They concluded that LDN can efficiently promote the maturation of BMDCs via precise modulation inside and outside BMDCs. This study provided a meaningful mode of action and role of LDN in immunoregulation, and rationale for future application of LDN for enhancing host immunity in cancer therapy.

PubMed Abstracts on Low-dose Naltrexone

For Autoimmune Disease
Low-dose naltrexone for disease prevention and quality of life.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL 32114, United States. NPHbrown@aol.com

The use of low-dose naltrexone (LDN) for the treatment and prophylaxis of various bodily disorders is discussed. Accumulating evidence suggests that LDN can promote health supporting immune-modulation which may reduce various oncogenic and inflammatory autoimmune processes. Since LDN can upregulate endogenous opioid activity, it may also have a role in promoting stress resilience, exercise, social bonding, and emotional well-being, as well as amelioration of psychiatric problems such a autism and depression. It is proposed that LDN can be used effectively as a buffer for a large variety of bodily and mental ailments through its ability to beneficially modulate both the immune system and the brain neurochemistries that regulate positive affect.

Low dose naltrexone (LDN) enhances maturation of bone marrow dendritic cells (BMDCs).

Meng JMeng YPlotnikoff NPYoukilis GGriffin NShan F.

It has been demonstrated previously that immune cell activation and proliferation were sensitive to the effects of naltrexone, a non-peptidic δ-opioid receptor selective antagonist and opioid receptors on BMDCs have been detected [1]. However, there is little prior data published on naltrexone and DCs. Therefore, we hypothesized that LDN could exert modulating effect on BMDCs. In present study, we studied influence of LDN on both phenotypic and functional maturation of BMDCs. Changes of BMDC post-treatment with LDN were evaluated using conventional light microscope and transmission electron microscopy (TEM); flow cytometry(FCM); cytochemistry; acid phosphatase activity(ACP) test; FITC-dextran bio-assay; mixed lymphocytes and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We have found that LDN enhances maturation of BMDCs as evidenced by 1) up-regulating the expression of MHC II, CD40, CD83, CD80 and CD86 molecules on BMDCs; 2) down-regulating the rates of pinocytosis and phagocytosis accompanied by the results of decreased ACP, and FITC-dextran bio-assay; 3) mounting potential of BMDCs to drive T cell; and 4) inducing secretion of higher levels of IL-12 and TNF-α. It is therefore concluded that LDN can efficiently promote the maturation of BMDCs via precise modulation inside and outside BMDCs. Our study has provided meaningful mode of action on the role of LDN in immunoregulation, and rationale on future application of LDN for enhancing host immunity in cancer therapy and potent use in the design of DC-based vaccines for a number of diseases.

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